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Term Definition
Amniocentesis
the surgical insertion of a hollow needle through the abdominal wall and into the uterus of a pregnant female to obtain amniotic fluid
Amniotic Fluid
the fluid in which the embryo is suspended during pregnancy
Anemia
a condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells, in hemoglobin, or in total volume
Anesthesia
loss of sensation and usually of consciousness without loss of vital functions artificially produced by the administration of one or more agents that block the passage of pain impulses along nerve pathways to the brain
Anxiolytic
a drug that relieves anxiety
Contracture
a permanent shortening (of a muscle, tendon, or scar) producing deformity or distortion
De-identified data
Data that cannot be linked with a named individual (anonymous data).
Dental Caries
the formation of cavities in the teeth by the action of bacteria; tooth decay
Electron Microscopy
an instrument in which a beam of electrons is used to produce an enlarged image of a minute object. Typically used to look for anchoring fibrils (made of collagen VII).
Endoscopy
visual examination of the interior of a hollow body organ by use of an endoscope
Esophageal dilatation
a therapeutic endoscopic procedure that enlarges the interior of the esophagus. Procedure used to relieve an esophageal stricture (narrowing of the tube that carries food and liquid from mouth to stomach)
Gastrostomy Tube (G-tube)
a tube that is placed directly through the abdomen wall and into the stomach for long term administration of food, fluids, and medications
Immunofluorescence
the labeling of antibodies with fluorescent dyes especially for the purpose of demonstrating the presence of a particular antigen (e.g., collagen VII) in a tissue preparation (e.g., a skin biopsy)
IRB
Institutional Review Board (IRB) is a committee that has been formally designated to approve, monitor, and review research involving human subjects and to protect the rights and welfare of the research subjects.
Meatal Stenosis
a narrowing of the opening of the urethra, the tube through which urine leaves the body
Milia
a small pearly firm non-inflammatory elevation of the skin
Mitten deformity
a fusing of the digits of the hand due to repeated injury. Also known as pseudosyndactyly
Osteoporosis
a condition that is characterized by decrease in bone mass with decreased density and enlargement of bone spaces producing porosity and brittleness
Pyloric Atresia
the absence of or unnatural narrowing of the region of the stomach that connects to the small intestine
Skin biopsy
a procedure in which a small piece of living skin is removed from the body for examination
Stricture
an abnormal narrowing of a bodily passage